Lithium-ion batteries typically operate within a temperature range of -20°C to 60°C, but their efficiency diminishes outside the optimal temperature range. The most favorable temperature for battery performance is between 15°C and 35°C.
Utilizing the battery below 15°C can negatively affect its performance and overall lifespan, as it disturbs chemical reaction activity and charge-transfer velocity, leading to reduced ionic conductivity. Consequently, this decrease in conductivity results in diminished energy and power capabilities, ultimately impacting battery performance.
Therefore, it is crucial to charge the battery within the recommended temperature range of 15°C to 35°C. While it is possible to use the e-bike outside these optimal temperatures, it should be noted that performance may decrease.
During periods of inactivity, it is advisable to remove the battery and store it in an environment with stable temperature and humidity conditions. Additionally, recharging the battery every 2-3 months, if not in use, helps maintain its health. Ideally, storage in a basement or attic would fulfill these requirements.